|By early 1940 the need for servicemen to be released from office administration work for combat duty resulted in women being recruited for the German Army as, amongst other things, Air Force Female Assistants (Luftwaffenhelferinnen).
By 1943 the increase in the scale of the Allied bombing offensive against the German Reich, and the growing decrease in those areas under German occupation, resulted in many Luftwaffenhelferinnen being transferred from the office duties to assist in the air protection services. Many women were drafted into the Luftwaffe to fill the depleted ranks of the Reich air defence system.
Volunteers drawn from the Luftwaffenhelferinnenkorps were employed to act as auxiliary crews operating searchlight units, serving on anti-aircraft fixed battery sites and operating sound-locating and radar apparatus. They were formed into Flakwaffen-Helferinnen units stationed within the borders of Germany, and although they were not members of armed forces, they were governed by military regulations and discipline. They were distinguished by a special arm badge, which was worn on the right upper arm of their uniform.
| Rank structures and late war changes
Ranks up to 1945 New Ranks Military equivalent
Helferin Helferin Soldat
Oberhelferin Oberhelferin Gefreiter
-------------- Haupthelferin Obergefreiter
NCO Ranks (UnderFurührerin)
Haupthelferin Truppführein Unteroffizier
-------------- Obertruppführein Feldwebel
Leader personnel (Führeinnen)
Führerin Dienstführerin Leutnant
Oberführerin Oberdienstführerin berleutnant
Hauptführerin Hauptdienstführerin Hauptmann
Stabsführerin Stabsführerin Major
Oberstabsführerin Oberstabsführerin Oberstleutnant